Davor Pavuna

Complex Matter Laboratory - Institute of Physics
Ecole Polytechique Federale de Lausanne
CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
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Successes of the twentieth century physics made a remarkable impact on the society in areas ranging from basic science and space technology to improved medical tools or computing and financial modeling … In remarkable advancements in materials, the confirmation of electron or simple Drude model (both around 1900) led eventually to discovery of superconductivity and several striking metal-insulator related subjects,  like semiconductor technology, quantum Hall effects, photonics, high-Tc superconductivity, topological insulators, gorilla glasses and artificially engineered multi-ferroics...

However, we still do not fully understand  the physics of metal-insulator transition or complex cooperative phenomena, especially in chemically or artificially constructed  low-dimensional heterostructures in the nanoscale limit. Quantum Matter is an active field and I will present several examples from our research. It is evident that we have to fully master the sub-nano-scale and emergence of novel cooperative - competitive phenomena, also in biosystems: in short, many challenges for the new generation!